Hand Grade Collection
Spectacular mixed width engineered planks up to 4m long and almost 1/2m wide, designed for the most prestigious projects. Hand Grade is a high-quality, high-performance, prefinished engineered board of triple layered construction with characterful undulations and natural visual scarring. The boards are Cradle to Cradle and FSC® Certified. Hand Grade is a luxury finish for residential and commercial installations.
Why Hand Grade
Boards come in sizes of up to 480mm x 4000m
Hand sculpted surface
The surface is hand sculptured to replicate flooring from centuries ago.
Made in Europe
Made and finished in Europe
Easy to Repair
Natural Hardwax oil finish for easy repair
Up to 10mm thick top lamella
Height difference at plank edges to replicate aged boards
3 layer construction
3 layer construction with oak backing layer for optimum stability
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Wood Grades Explained
Typically, prime grade has few, if any knots, and these will be of minimal size. There will also be a minimal amount of sapwood defects and filler, if any at all. Where filler is used its colour is carefully selected to complement the wood rather than to match it exactly, and the colour of the filler may vary from batch to batch. There will be a relatively small amount of colour variation in the timber itself.
Select / Classic Grade
Known as either select or classic grade, typically this will have a mix of almost prime boards with other planks which have more knots. Slightly larger knots are allowed in this grade. Heartwood and colour variation in the timber should be expected and there may be some checks (cracks across the growth ring), sapwood and filler. The colour of the filler is carefully selected to complement the wood rather than to match it exactly and it may vary from batch to batch.
Typically, character grade will include both heartwood and sapwood and allows a wider range of colour variation. Knots are larger and you should expect checks (cracks across the growth ring) and possibly some end shake (cracks between the rings). Filler will be used, the colour of which is carefully selected to complement the wood rather than to match it exactly, and it may vary from batch to batch.
Known as either natural or rustic grade this allows a virtually limitless size and number of knots. Heartwood will be used, there will be colour variation, sapwood and filler; you should also expect checks (cracks across the growth ring) and possibly some end shake (cracks between the rings). The colour of the filler is carefully selected to complement the wood rather than to match it exactly and it may vary from batch to batch.
FAQ’s About Hand Grade Engineered Wooden Flooring
What is engineered wood flooring?
An engineered board is, quite simply, a timber board which consists of more than one layer. By placing each layer so that the grain runs perpendicularly it becomes virtually impossible for the timber to swell or shrink with changes in humidity and so it dramatically increases the stability. The top layer of an engineered board (the lamella) is solid wood, usually hardwood, and may be anything from 2 to 6mm thick; obviously the thicker the surface layer the more times it can be sanded and refinished to remove the ravages of wear; the thickest wear layers are equivalent to those on solid timber boards. The lamella is securely bonded to one or two further layers – this may be a multi-layered plywood or a sandwich with either a softwood or hardwood core.
Engineered boards should not be confused with laminate or veneer. Laminate uses an image of wood on its surface whilst veneer uses only a very thin layer of wood over a core of some type of composite wood product, usually fibreboard.
Engineered timber is now the most common type of wood flooring used globally and the technology has enabled the production of much wider boards as well as the application of an enormous variety of really interesting finishes.
What are the benefits of engineered wood flooring?
No matter how well seasoned, oiled, waxed or lacquered it may be, wood remains hydroscopic. This means that when the humidity is high it will absorb some of that moisture, swell and rise or ‘crown’ in the middle. If that same piece of timber is placed in a dry environment – as happens when using heating or air conditioning – it will release its moisture, dry out and shrink. Lay pieces of timber side by side in a confined space and those changes in humidity, over time, may well result in them bowing, warping, cupping or gapping – gaps between the planks. This is what can happen with a solid wood floor, wall or ceiling.
Engineered boards are like solid timber planks with lots of benefits:
* They are far more stable than solid wood planks so there is far less likelihood of eventual problems and much wider boards can be produced.
* Engineered boards are usually available pre-finished which means a reduced installation time and no surprises on site.
* Unlike the vast majority of solid timber planks, engineered boards can usually be fitted over underfloor heating.
* Engineered boards make far more efficient use of slow-growing, lamella layer timbers (oak, walnut, etc).
* Engineered boards offer alternative, easier methods of installation.
What is an oiled finish?
Oil penetrates deep into the wood and brings out the true beauty of both the colour and grain as well as providing protection for the product. In addition to providing a natural look, oiled products lend themselves to being spot repaired in the event of surface damage.
Most oiled products require an additional coat of oil or Hardwax Oil, a mixture of sunflower, soybean and thistle oil, carnauba and candelilla wax after installation. This is micro-porous, water-repellent, dirt-, wear-, and stain-resistant against wine, beer, cola, coffee, tea, fruit juices and milk; it will not crack, flake, peel or blister.
Can I fit Hand Grade wood flooring over underfloor heating?
As a general rule, the majority of engineered boards are, perfectly suited to use with underfloor heating; this is particularly true of those with an oak lamella. Always check with VidaSpace before specifying any wood floor for use with underfloor heating.
What is a floating floor installation?
A floating floor installation is one where the planks are attached to each other instead of to the subfloor over which it is being laid. It is a fast, relatively easy method of fixing which allows some room for movement and expansion given changes in humidity; the floor can be removed easily too, making it ideal for commercial applications where the flooring is more likely to be changed within the foreseeable future. Floating installations are usually associated with the fitting of engineered wood floors.
Why is there a colour variation on my flooring?
Wood is a natural material and each piece of each tree will vary in colour and grain structure. Colour variation is dictated by the age, location, exposure, soil pH and multiple other factors during the growth of the tree.
How long will my wood flooring last?
A properly installed and maintained wooden floor will last for many years (and decades). VidaSpace offer varying specifications of product which have different lifespans.
Can i install wood floors in a pet friendly home?
Wooden floors contribute to a healthy living environment for all of the family, including pets. It is important to keep pet claws trimmed to reduce any abrasion that these can cause. Maintenance products can be applied to all of our floors to reduce the appearance of minor scratches over time.
Is my wood flooring water/liquid proof?
All VidaSpace floors are tested for stain and spillage resistance. When floors are being installed into commercial spaces or busy kitchens, it is often a good idea to apply maintenance products soon after installation to ensure that the surface finish is maintained in these more demanding areas.
Can my wood floor be sanded and refinished?
The vast majority of VidaSpace floors can be sanded and refinished multiple times over their lifetime. Each time a floor is sanded, the appearance can be tailored to fit the decoration scheme of the room/area where the floor is installed.
Installation, Care and Maintenance Guides
Floor Build Up Specifier
Our unique and user-friendly build-up specifier allows you to choose the complete subfloor solution for your bespoke build in seconds.
Combining high performance products with low environmental impact and delivering quality without compromise, our products overcome build challenges, saving time and speeding up your build.
Simply make your selection from the options and you’ll receive full details of the complete sub-floor build-up you need to support your project.